“Besides the environmental impacts, with dangerous air pollutants and toxic ashes, waste incineration allows the current unsustainable situation of resource extraction, production, consumption and discarding to be maintained.” (Gutberlet, 2011)
“… incineration is advertised as renewable energy, as recycling and even as clean development mechanism. These misconceptions need to be rectified. Waste to Energy technologies terminate the possibility of recycling and therefore reiterate new resource extraction.” (Gutberlet, 2011)
One of the most concerning current issues is the global production of solid waste. There are more people consuming more goods and producing more waste than ever before. Meanwhile, household garbage is becoming increasingly toxic and varied in type, which complicates biodegradation in landfills.
As landfills pile up and the problem of waste production worsens, governments are increasingly pressured to find solutions. Most commonly, responses are aimed at developing technologies to treat solid waste. Few efforts have been made to decrease overall consumption and almost no attention has been aimed at challenging the global framework of economic growth and increasing consumption.